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How many litter boxes/trays: Per cat

Updated: Jun 18, 2021

This discussion blog is about the quantity of cat litter box/tray per cat in the home. We will use articles evidence and other articles from the internet to have a wide spread of replies, opinions, discussions and let you decide what is good for you.

We will reference the replies with links as below. Happy reading :)

  • "But for multi-cat households, the solution can be as simple as having the right number of litter boxes. “The rule of thumb is one litter box per cat, plus one extra,” Galaxy says.

The cat-to-litter box ratio As a cat foster mom, I recommend that new adopters have at least 1.5 litter boxes per cat. So if you have one cat, you need two litter boxes; two cats, three litter boxes.

Some cats just don’t like sharing litter boxes, and this ratio lets each cat claim his own. Even if they don’t mind sharing, keeping extra litter boxes around ensures that, if one of your cats is using one litter box and the scary washing machine is running next to the litter box in the basement, there will still be an appropriate place for your other cat to relieve himself".

  • "You have multiple cats and one or more cats is feeling stress, possibly being bullied by another cat. First, make sure you have several open litter boxes throughout the home so the cat being bullied has various options of where to eliminate. Second, work on improving the relationship between the two cats. This will take time and, likely, a consultation with a cat behaviorist. The cat doing the bullying needs to learn that it’s not in their interest to do this behavior. For example, the bullying behavior leads to timeouts, while neutral or positive interactions with the other cat leads to human attention and treats. This will help the bullied cat to feel safe and secure in the home, as will more interactive play".

  • "Multiple cats means you need an extra litter box

A general rule of thumb is that you need one litter box or tray per cat, plus one extra. Cats don’t want to go where another cat has already been.

Rather than put all the trays in a single room, it’s better to have them spread out over a couple of locations. That way the cats won’t inadvertently surprise one another while they’re doing their business".

  • "Number of litter boxes: There should be one litter box for each cat in the house, plus one extra (more if you have many cats). Some cats prefer to urinate in one box and defecate in another, so sometimes adding more than one box per cat helps".

  • "Multi-Cat Household Conflict

Sometimes one or more cats in a household control access to litter boxes and prevent the other cats from using them. Even if one of the cats isn’t actually confronting the other cats in the litter box, any conflict between cats in a household can create enough stress to cause litter-box problems".

  • "Provide enough litter boxes. Make sure you have one for each cat in your household, plus one extra. For example, if you have three cats, you’ll need a minimum of four litter boxes".

Disclaimer: details below


  • Every Pet is different so please seek professional independent advice. This does not substitute as specific advice, but just discussion opinion.

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